Diabetic Complications which tend to occur in Women
Founder of Teatis Tea
Originally, women are protected by a hormone called estrogen, which makes them less prone to diabetes than men. However, it is known that the amount of estrogen secretion decreases, and the risk of developing diabetes increases after the menopause.
Moreover, the life of a woman is greatly affected by the surrounding environment such as marriage, childbirth, parenting, and nursing. It can be stressful and huge pressure for women.
So, women (at any age!) are more susceptible to getting diabetes than men.
Diabetes can lead to several complications in women of any age. Let’s see the detail.
One of the acute complications in any type of diabetes is diabetic ketoacidosis. The most common precipitating factor of diabetic ketoacidosis is lack of insulin, although other stressors may increase epinephrine production, which eventually blocks insulin secretion.
The low levels of insulin activate ketogenic pathways, which lead to increased ketogenic amino acids, subsequent hepatic metabolism produces ketone bodies, causing ketonuria and ketonemia, the result is diabetic ketoacidosis.
Another complication is Hyperosmolar hyperosmotic syndrome (HHS) due to severe dehydration from sustained osmotic diuresis.
Ironically, hypoglycemia is the most common acute metabolic complication in either type of diabetes. This can occur due to missed meals, excessive physical exertion, or increased insulin administration. Symptoms may be dizziness, confusion, headache, sweating, palpitation, and loss of conscience if hypoglycemia persists.
A variety of complications are often caused by diabetes. Diabetes can eventually affect almost every organ of your body,
- Heart and blood vessels
- Gastrointestinal tract
- Gums and teeth
Coronary Heart Disease/ Coronary Artery Disease (CAD):
Many women who have type 2 diabetes already have heart disease when diagnosed (even young women).
That is, a person goes to checkup/diagnosis when he may get some signs/symptoms. But many people may have type 2 diabetes long before they experience severe symptoms, and get its diagnosis officially.
Heart disease and blood vessel disease are common problems for many people who don’t have their diabetes under control. You're at least twice as likely to have heart problems and strokes as people who don’t have the condition. You might not notice warning signs until you have a heart attack or stroke. Problems with large blood vessels in your legs can cause leg cramps, changes in skin color, and less sensation.
These include bacterial or fungal infections. Diabetes poses a threat to recovering from any kind of skin disease.
This can lead to pain, impaired circulation, or loss of feeling in affected limbs. Over time, high blood sugar levels can harm your nerves. Peripheral diabetic neuropathy can cause pain and burning or a loss of feeling in your feet. Autonomic neuropathy stems from damage to the nerves that control your internal organs. Symptoms include sexual problems, digestive issues (a condition called gastroparesis), trouble sensing when your bladder is full, dizziness and fainting, or not knowing when your blood sugar is low.
This symptom may eventually lead to blindness. Diabetes is the leading cause of new vision loss among adults in the U.S. It can lead to eye problems, some of which can cause blindness if not treated: Glaucoma, Cataracts, and Diabetic retinopathy, which involves the small blood vessels in your eyes.
Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure in adults, accounting for almost half of new cases. You usually don't notice any symptoms with early diabetes-related kidney disease. In later stages, it can make your legs and feet swell.
Having diabetes puts you at a higher risk for gum disease. Your gums might be red and swollen and bleed easily.
Foot and Toe Problems:
Diabetes may also cause foot problems that, in rare cases, can lead to amputations. People with diabetes are ten times likelier to have their toes and feet removed than those without the disease.
Some research suggests that eating disorders are more common in women with diabetes. Girls and young women with type 1 diabetes have about twice the risk of developing eating disorders as their peers without diabetes.
Takeaway: How to Work on your Condition
A few people need to make just little way of life changes to monitor their glucose to manage or even reverse a diabetes complication. Others need medical management to oversee complications and keep them from deteriorating. That may incorporate prescription, medical procedure, or different choices.
However, the most significant approach to treat diabetes complications is to monitor your glucose levels, eat healthy, work out, get fit, abstain from smoking, and get hypertension and elevated cholesterol under control.